posted 1 September 2003


William H. Calvin, A Brief History of the Mind (Oxford University Press 2004), afterword. See also

William H. Calvin 
it's an image, you need to type it, not copy it (spam...)       
 University of Washington




The dedication expresses my gratitude to a number of the scientists and nonscientists who have informally shaped my mental image of who I am writing for.

                I have profited from many scientific discussions over the last several years as I thought through this up-from-the-apes book and would like to thank Leslie Aiello, Francisco Ayala, Paul Bahn, Liz Bates, Ursula Bellugi, Robert Bergman, Derek Bickerton, Sue Blackmore, Tom Bouchard, Luca Cavilli-Sforza, Ron Clarke, Meg Conkey, Tony Damasio, Roy D’Andrade, Iain Davidson, Richard Dawkins, Terry Deacon, Dan Dennett, Derek Denton, Ingrith Deyrup-Olsen, Robin Dunbar, Brian Fagan, Dean Falk, Tec Fitch, Pascal Gagneux, Clive Gamble, Susan Goldin-Meadow, the late Stephen Jay Gould, Katherine Graubard, Stevan Harnad, Bill Hopkins, Sarah Hrdy, Arthur Jensen, Don Johanson, Judy Kegl, Ken Kidd, Richard Klein, Mel Konner, Pat Kuhl, Kathleen Kuman, Louise Leakey, Meave Leakey, Philip Lieberman, John Loeser, Elizabeth Loftus, Linda Marchant, Alex Marshack, Sally McBrearty, Bill McGrew, Marvin Minsky, Jim Moore, George Ojemann, Maynard Olson, Gordon Orians, Steve Pinker, Todd Preuss, Robert Proctor, Sonia Ragir, Rama Ramachandran, Pete Richerson, Susan Rifkin, Giaccomo Rizzolatti, Peter Rockas, Duane Rumbaugh, Sue Savage-Rumbaugh, Oliver Sacks, Michael Shermer, Margaret Schoeninger, Ann Senghas, Pat Shipman, Richard Stuart, Greg Stock, Mark Sullivan, Ian Tattersall, Phillip Tobias, Michael Tomasello, Gary Tucker, Ajit Varki, Johan Verhulst, Frans de Waal, Alan Walker, Spencer Wells, Nancy Wilkie, Chris Wills, Edward O. Wilson, David Sloan Wilson, Milford Wolpoff, Bernard Wood, and Richard Wrangham.  The last chapter profits from futuristic discussions with Greg Bear, Stewart Brand, David Brin, Bob Citron, Joel Garreau, Wally Gilbert, Walter Kistler, Jaron Lanier, Andy Marshall, the late Don Michael, Jay Ogilvy, George Poste, Peter Schwartz, and Sesh Velamoor.

                The reader can thank (as I do) Beatrice Bruteau, Ingrith Deyrup-Olsen, the late Blanche Graubard, the late Seymour Graubard, Elizabeth Loftus, Susan Rifkin, Peter Rockas, and Nancy Wilkie for volunteering to read the manuscript and pointing out my confusions and awkward moments.  I hope that not too many have crept back in.  The Mathers Foundation and the Whiteley Center at Friday Harbor Laboratories have helped provide the right combinations of stimulation and seclusion.


W. H. C.

Friday Harbor and
 Seattle, Washington USA


Though the pictures will not be in color, you will find it more comfortable to read the book itself, which can be bought at your favorite bookstore.  Click on a cover for the link to 

A Brief History of the Mind, 2004
A Brief History of the Mind

A Brain for All Seasons, 2002
A Brain for All Seasons

Lingua ex Machina:  Reconciling Darwin and Chomsky with the Human Brain (Calvin & Bickerton, 2000)
Lingua ex Machina

The Cerebral Code:  Thinking a Thought in the Mosaics of the Mind (1996)
The Cerebral Code

How Brains Think:  Evolving Intelligence, Then and Now (1996)
How Brains Think

Conversations with Neil's Brain:  The Neural Nature of Thought and Language (Calvin & Ojemann, 1994)
Conversations with
Neil's Brain

The River That Flows Uphill
The River That
Flows Uphill


The Throwing Madonna:  Essays on the Brain
The Throwing Madonna

Table of Contents    Notes and References for this chapter    On to the NOTES   

copyright ©2003 by William H. Calvin

William H. Calvin
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: UW, Box 351800, Seattle WA 98195-1800 USA